UK – Anti-Semitism: Official definition ‘will fight hatred’ – BBC News
2016/12/13 Leave a comment
Sharp contrast to the US Congress’s proposed definition that explicitly included criticism of Israel rather than the more focussed definition of IHRA (their working definition of antisemitism also includes examples where criticism of Israel may cross over to antisemitism):
The government plans to adopt an international definition of anti-Semitism to help tackle hatred towards Jews.
Police, councils, universities and public bodies can adopt the wording, Theresa May will say in a speech later.
The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA), which the UK belongs to, created the definition.
It calls anti-Semitism a “perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews.”
Prime Minister Theresa May will argue that a clear definition means anyone guilty of anti-Semitism in “essence, language or behaviour” will be “called out on it”.
The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance hopes its definition, agreed this year, will be adopted globally.
It defines anti-Semitism as “a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews.”
It adds: “Rhetorical and physical manifestations of anti-Semitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions and religious facilities.”
Downing Street said anti-Semitic behaviour could be overlooked because the term is ill-defined, with different organisations adopting their own interpretations.
The IHRA – which is backed by 31 countries, including the UK, USA, Israel, France and Germany – set its working definition of what constituted anti-Semitic abuse in May.
The group said having a “legally binding working definition” would give countries the “political tools” to deal with anti-Jewish hate crime.
Conservative MP and special envoy for post-holocaust issues, Sir Eric Pickles, told the BBC that the new definition “catches up with modern anti-Semitism”.
“I think it’s important not to conflate Jewish people with Israel,” he said. “That actually is the point in the definition.”
‘It is unacceptable’
Police in the UK already use a version of the definition. However, it will now also be used by other bodies, including councils.
Mrs May will say: “There will be one definition of anti-Semitism – in essence, language or behaviour that displays hatred towards Jews because they are Jews – and anyone guilty of that will be called out on it.”
She will add: “It is unacceptable that there is anti-Semitism in this country. It is even worse that incidents are reportedly on the rise.”